Skip to main content
You have permission to edit this article.
Edit
Environmental Nutrition: Pass the peas!

Environmental Nutrition: Pass the peas!

  • Updated
  • 0
entree-nutrition-20210503

Green peas are not vegetables, but legumes, like beans, chickpeas and lentils.

Green peas by any other name — English, garden, shell, sweet — are just as delightful. Not to be confused with snow peas or snap peas, whose tender pods are edible, green peas are the tiny round gems shelled from the pod.

The folklore

One of the first cultivated foods, peas date back thousands of years to central Asia and the Middle East. Known as a favorite staple food, the pea enjoys storied fame, from nursery rhymes and fairy tales to global cuisines. This legume is literally pea-sized and packed with powerful nutrients that continue to please palates.

The facts

Green peas (Pisum sativum) are not vegetables, but legumes, like beans, chickpeas and lentils. The three types of peas — green peas, snow peas and snap peas — are among the few legumes that are eaten fresh, rather than dried. Most are sold frozen or canned because fresh peas don’t keep well once harvested. All forms of peas are packed with nutrients — a half-cup serving of cooked peas serves up a hefty amount of antioxidant vitamins A and C —13% DV and 19% DV per serving, respectively — as well as more than 10% each of the heart healthy B vitamins thiamin and folate.

The findings

Green peas are plump with phytonutrients, plant chemicals that show health-protecting properties. According to a 2017 review of studies, peas contain high levels of several antioxidant and anticancer compounds, including isoflavones and saponins, which are associated with the prevention of diseases such as cancer and cardiovascular disease (Pharmacognosy Review). Peas, which are high in plant protein and fiber, as part of a plant-based diet, have been associated with lower cholesterol, improved blood pressure, and improvement of other risk factors for cardiovascular disease (Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases, 2018).

The finer points

Fresh peas are a hard-to-find treat. If you spot them between spring and early winter, choose bright green, unflawed pods — smaller are sweeter. They’re best eaten right away, but will store refrigerated a few days. Otherwise, choose frozen over canned peas for lower sodium, brighter color, and firmer texture. Consume them within six months to a year to retain optimal nutrients. Peas bring color and sweetness to any dish — salads, whole grain sides, soups — and they definitely shine on their own or, classically, with carrots, or sauteed with mushrooms and nuts. Best yet, enjoy this healthy snack straight from the shell.

(Environmental Nutrition is the award-winning independent newsletter written by nutrition experts dedicated to providing readers up-to-date, accurate information about health and nutrition in clear, concise English. For more information, visit www.environmentalnutrition.com.)

Satisfy your cravings

* I understand and agree that registration on or use of this site constitutes agreement to its user agreement and privacy policy.

Related to this story

Most Popular

  • Updated

Traditionally, the place to find moms on Mother’s Day was at a restaurant table. In years past, the second Sunday in May was the busiest all year for dining establishments, and the two days of the holiday weekend represented their No. 1 and No. 2 most profitable days. This year, like last year, will be different. Even as dining rooms reopen around the country, most people won’t celebrate the ...

  • Updated

While it may seem like a retro dish, sloppy joes are one of those can't-beat meals that are perfect for kids and adults of all ages. This hearty sandwich is made indoors but the sauce just screams of spring and summertime picnics and parties. If you don't have a grill but you still want to fill your evening with a hearty meal that has that BBQ feel, this is the perfect...

  • Updated

May 3, 1947, was a Saturday. On that day, Jet Pilot, ridden by Eric Guerin, won the Kentucky Derby. In Japan, a new constitution went into effect, making Emperor Hirohito merely a symbolic figurehead. And Jane Nickerson, in the New York Times, wrote about a new addition to the popular hamburger: cheese. “At first, the combination of beef with cheese and tomatoes, which sometimes are used, may ...

Get up-to-the-minute news sent straight to your device.

Topics